Friday, August 28, 2020

Informative Speech Outline Essay

I. Presentation A. Allurement †â€Å"A man must look at what as a rich domain he relinquishes when he turns into a conformist.† ~Ralph Waldo Emerson B. Present Topic †To just accomplish something in light of the fact that it’s what every other person is managing without knowing the reasons why they’re doing it, is congruity. You may comprehend the term congruity when utilized as â€Å"sheeple† in the political world. The individuals who go with the growd, on the grounds that. Halloween and Religion appear two common alternate extremes †great and insidiousness enlivened. C. Build up Credibility †In many things I’m a non-conventionalist. I confide in nobody and nothing without addressing and understading everything. I question everything regardless of whether it appears to be basic on a superficial level. Dreadfully regularly I have discovered most things are not what they appear, and Religion and Holidays are no exemption. D. Review Central Idea †The term Holiday was initially used to reference Holy Days that were commended and recalled with some type of function or love. Halloween, initially a day of rememberence for the as of late expired and their spirits that came back to earth just before the new year, has become something celebrated by pretty much everybody, in numerous societies, and across numerous religions, however most notibly in the US where it has become one more popularized occasion, making individuals go through cash they may not in any case spend, to eat food that offer no sustenance by any means, and in overabundance at that, and to conflict with the main security measure your folks penetrated into your heads †NEVER TAKE CANDY FROM STRANGERS!! This has gotten so acceptible in current strict practices that it’s been given another name â€Å"Trick-Or-Trunk†. This is an occasion supported by strict older folks, hung on chapel grounds, outside in the parking garage, out of the trunks of vehicles and as a general rule, the outfits that are worn don't advance strict virtue and goodness, however the abhorrence the religion should shield them from. Progress to primary concerns †In request to completely see how this apparently blameless day of festivity, inventiveness and self expressionâ is an inconsistency, we have to take a gander at a few things. II. Body †synopsis of primary concerns/individual view Progress to starting points When did this occasion start and why? Was it of agnostic beginnings or is there something progressively behind Halloween’s history? In what capacity should Religions see this day all in all? To comprehend these inquiries further, we have to return to the underlying foundations of Halloween. A. Sources 1. Celtic Origins a. Halloween’s sources go back to the old Celtic celebration of Samhain (articulated sow-in). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years back in the region that is currently Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, commended their new year on November 1. This day denoted the finish of summer, the reap and the start of the dim, cold winter, a season that was frequently connected with human demise. b. Celts accepted that on the night prior to the new year, the limit between the universes of the living and the dead got obscured. The evening of October 31 they observed Samhain, when it was accepted that the apparitions of the dead came back to earth. c. In a difficult situation and harming crops, Celts believed that the nearness of the supernatural spirits made it simpler for the Druids, or Celtic ministers, to make expectations about what's to come. For a people totally reliant on the unstable normal world, these predictions were a significant wellspring of solace and heading during the long, dull winter. d. To celebrate the occasion, Druids manufactured gigantic sacrosanct campfires, where the individuals assembled to consume yields and creatures as penances to the Celtic gods. During the festival, the Celts wore ensembles, ordinarily comprising of creature heads and skins, and endeavored to tell each other’s fortunes. At the point when the festival was finished, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had doused before that night, from the sacrosanct campfire to help secure them during the coming winter. 2. Halloween and Religion a. By 43 A.D., the Roman Empire had vanquished most of A celtic area. Over the span of the 400 years that they administered the Celtic lands, two celebrations of Roman birthplace were joined with the conventional Celtic festival of Samhain. The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans generally recognized the death of the dead. The second was a day to respect Pomona, the Roman goddess of leafy foods. The image of Pomona is the apple and the fuse of this festival into Samhain likely clarifies the convention of â€Å"bobbing† for apples that is rehearsed today. b. Around AD 600, Pope Boniface IV made All Saints’ Day, and Pope Gregory III later moved this occasion to November 1 of every a push to give a Christian option in contrast to this agnostic celebration.5 ( Christians who would not like to praise agnostic celebrations commended something of positive profound valueâ€in this case regarding the holy people and saints. With the staggering extension of Christianity in Europe, All Saint’s Day turned into the predominant holiday.6 ( On May 13, 609 A.D., Pope Boniface IV committed the Pantheon in Rome out of appreciation for every single Christian saint, and the Catholic banquet of All Martyrs Day was set up in the Western church. Pope Gregory III (731â€741) later extended the celebration to incorporate all holy people just as all saints, and moved the recognition from May 13 to November 1. By the ninth century the impact of Christianity had spread into Celtic grounds, where it step by step mixed with and superseded the more seasoned Celtic rituals. c. In 1000 A.D., the congregation would make November 2 All Souls’ Day, a day to respect the dead. It is generally accepted today that the congregation was endeavoring to supplant the Celtic celebration of the dead with a related, however church-endorsed occasion. All Souls Day was praised correspondingly to Samhain, with huge campfires, marches, and sprucing up in ensembles as holy people, holy messengers and fallen angels. The All Saints Day festivity was additionally called All-honors or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints’ Day) and the prior night it, the customary night of Samhain in the Celtic religion, started to be called All-blesses Eve and, in the end, Halloween. Two or three hundred years after the fact, the Roman Church made November 2 All Souls Day to respect the dead. This may well have been affected by the proceeded with perseverance of the day of the dead by the antiquated Irish, Scots, and others in Europe. Remaining against this, numerous Protestant Christians observe October 31 as Reformation Day to pay tribute to reformers, for example, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other people who initiated the Reformation during the 1500s. ( In fact,â the current name of â€Å"Halloween† begins from the day preceding All Saint’s Day, which was called â€Å"All Hallow Evening†; this name was abbreviated to â€Å"All Hallow’s Eve† or â€Å"All Hallow’s Even.† The name changed after some time and became â€Å"Hallowe’en.† ( d. It ought to be clear from a Christian point of view that numerous cutting edge practices of Halloween and days of the dead have fiendish goal (e.g., 1 Corinthians 10:20). There has been extensive agnosticism that has been related with Halloween throughout the years. Indeed, even shrewdness acts, for example, vandalism, fires, dangerous tricks, imagining individuals are something they are not by sprucing up (and especially by the glorification of sexiness, passing, and evil presences) are in solid restriction to the product of the Spirit (Galatians 5:19â€23). Along these lines, an expression of alert must be given to Evangelicals who advance a portion of the sketchy present day practices of Halloween. On the off chance that anything, an option contrary to Halloween ought to be offered by Christians. Song 24:1 brings up that everything has a place with the Lord. In this manner, there is no motivation to let Satan have Halloween. It isn't his day in any case! ( 3. Stunt or Treating a. The American Halloween custom of â€Å"trick-or-treating† presumably goes back to the early All Souls’ Day marches in England. During the merriments, poor residents would ask for food and families would give them cakes called â€Å"soul cakes† as a byproduct of their guarantee to appeal to God for the family’s dead family members. b. The dispersion of soul cakes was energized by the congregation as an approach to supplant the old act of leaving food and wine for meandering spirits. The training, which was alluded to as â€Å"going a-souling† was in the long run taken up by kids who might visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given beer, food, and cash. c. The custom of dressing in outfit for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. On Halloween, when it was accepted that phantoms returned to the natural world, individuals imagined that they would experience apparitions in the event that they left their homes. To abstain from being perceived by these phantoms, individuals would wear veils when they left their homes after dim with the goal that the apparitions would confuse them with individual spirits. On Halloween, to get apparitions far from their homes, individuals would put bowls of food outside their homes to assuage the phantoms and keep them from endeavoring to enter. Progress to lost customs B. Lost customs/convictions †Many of these old ceremonies concentrated on the future rather than the past and the living rather than the dead. Specifically, many had to do with helping young ladies distinguish their future spouses and consoling them that they would somedayâ€with karma, by next Halloweenâ€be wedded. 1. In eighteenth century Ireland, a matchmaking cook may cover a ring in her pureed potatoes on Halloween night, wanting to carry genuine romance to t

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Gamble House Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

The Gamble House - Essay Example Bet House disposition and balances will in general be not quite the same as different roomy contemporary structures that were done during the 1900s. It has an easygoing state of mind that coordinates its limited evenness. A generally excellent case of the limitation of evenness in the magnum opus is the balanced association of structures and spaces in relations to each other. In the three stories, the roof statures are extraordinary. The principal floor roof was the most reduced while the nook roof was the most noteworthy. All through the structure, the scales and the structures move continually as one move from the inside towards the front and back zones. The consideration of the Gamble family upper room in the third floor helped in making it a pool room. A family peak, trailing rose and a crane were imaginatively incorporated into numerous areas. Bet House open air likewise represents the verifiable structure plans utilized in America during the 1990s. Outside the second-floor rooms are outside yards that could be utilized for amusement or for dozing. The fundamental porch of the structure was deliberately planned and worked to be secretly past the rear of the home. Clinker stones garden dividers were additionally included to finish the back veneer. The ways in the compound were produced using stones shaping a running stream over the gardens. The scene and the nursery components were incorporated into the necessary extents and subtleties. The Asian and Japanese effect on the structure can likewise be found in the leaded glasses and the pine theme on the front entryway.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Case Study for Final Exam Essay

Green Cabs is a naturally agreeable taxi organization in New Zealand which was established in late 2007 by Callum Brown and three different accomplices. Green Cabs currently works a multi-million dollar business in three principle habitats of New Zealand †Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch. The organization is additionally pondering venturing into different zones with its unmistakable brilliant green taxicabs. Callum Brown is the essential motivation behind Green Cabs. In any case, you could contend that Al Gore gave the underlying sparkle to Callum to begin considering being all the more earth cognizant by and by. Callum is in his 30s and has gone through 10 years working in data innovation for different government divisions and private area organizations as a business examiner. He grew up near nature and delighted in exercises, for example, surfing and tramping. Every one of these things kept Callum near nature. In spite of his relationship with nature, Callum was very wary of environmental change. He clarifies: I thought †how might you tell that there is an unnatural weather change when we’ve just been taking accounts on temperature for the past whatever, how long. Henceforth, it could be viewed as genuinely amazing that Callum established a green business! This individual arousing was an immediate aftereffect of watching Al Gore’s narrative, An Inconvenient Truth. Much to his dismay at this phase a significant business opportunity would originate from his new ecological cognizance. The driving force for the business thought came when Callum was grinding away. He voyaged broadly for work and therefore ended up getting a ton of taxicabs. It was on one such short-term outing to Auckland that he got mindful of the colossal measure of carbon outflows he was creating through movement. He expounds: I stayed there observing all the taxicabs come and drop individuals off and considered the discharges and all that they were creating; there’s got the opportunity to be a superior route than this. Why would that be no eco-accommodating choice and that was the light second, and saying, ah, why not? Following this light second, Callum reached a previous partner who wasâ also a cabbie. Together the pair set about setting up a naturally cognizant taxi administration with two different accomplices. They struck the New Zealand taxi industry at what they called a fortunate time. The legislature had quite recently fixed enactment to make it reliable for all administrators. The Land and Transport Authority was steady and supportive in ensuring everything the developing Green Cabs did was in accordance with the new enactment. The Authority excessively was energized by what Green Cabs was wanting to accomplish. Once began, Green Cabs experienced quick development and inside a half year had around 85 taxis and independently employed drivers and utilized 15 care staff (generally in its 24-hour call focus). Callum never had yearnings to turn into a business visionary, nor any involvement with business possession, yet his broad work foundation as a business examiner caused him to feel he was well prepared to research whether the Green Cabs thought would be effective. Indeed, before concocting the business thought Callum felt terrified of the hazard associated with having his own business. Nonetheless, when he had the thought, these dangers evaporated: I was so energetic about Green Cabs, when I had the thought, there were no distinguishable dangers for me. That was the manner by which solid the drive was to do it . . . It’s like I’ve never questioned for a second that Green Cabs would succeed. It has. Any worries Callum had about hazard were scattered when he took on various colleagues to share the hazard. These colleagues all comprehended and were thoughtful to the intensifying condition of nature and to Callum’s vision for the organization. Callum’s vision brought about an organization which entered the taxi business with the objective of accomplishing substantially more than a customary taxi firm. Green Cabs needed to constrain change, to save nature and advise people in general about environmental change. This implied an entirely different perspective about business and the standards of the business authors were entwined with the plan of action. Green Cabs offers a similar essential assistance as some other taxi organization. The key contrast is that it is an ecologically cognizant organization. The primary methods for the organization being ecologically neighborly is that its vehicles are half and halves (Toyota Prius). There are generously less progressing running expenses in offering the assistance. Green Cabs passes these investment funds onto customers and is in this way ready to offer impressively bring down costs than its rivals. It as of now is constraining change in the taxi business with numerous cont enders quickly changing to hybridsâ because they can see they will save money on outflows and fuel costs. The contrast between these contenders and Green Cabs is that those changing because of lower running expenses don't really have natural worries at the front line of their dynamic as greens Cabs. To be sure, cynics could contend that the opposition is exchanging in light of the fact that it is losing piece of the overall industry to Green Cabs and is endeavoring to copy the administration. Accordingly, Green Cabs has been fruitful in changing conduct in the business to being all the more naturally inviting, however this has included some significant pitfalls to the business, as Callum clarifies: I have had such an effect available that I had arranged, that they (contenders) are currently exchanging. Presently, from an ecological perspective, it’s phenomenal that I could have that sway, however from a business perspective it’s not great. Notwithstanding, contenders are as yet neglecting to counterbalance their carbon outflows while Green Cabs highly esteems being carbon unbiased. To accomplish this Green Cabs drives just the Toyota Prius, the vehicle it considers to be the best choice for diminishing the effect on the earth. The rest of its carbon emanations are ‘paid for’ by giving subsidizing to trees to be planted (overwhelmingly in the creating scene). Green Cabs gives to ‘Trees for the Future’, an association that has just composed the planting of 50 million trees, which recover around a million tons of carbon from the air every year ( Green Cabs additionally ‘pays off’ its carbon obligation preceding its gathering. That is, it computes its future carbon impression (down to the quantity of squares of bathroom tissue utilized) for the following year and assets the planting of adequate trees to balance this before it produces the carbon. In spite of the fact that this is one of the key natural systems Green Cabs does, it really is doubtful of purchasing carbon credits. This is on the grounds that this carbon procedure basically dispatches the issue to another person; it doesn't help decrease the carbon in the air. In that capacity, Green Cabs plans to both lessen carbon and counterbalance before it amasses. The plan of action of Green Cabs depends on the reason that the client has a more noteworthy association with the item or administration. By utilizing Green Cabs clients will feel some portion of a more noteworthy promise to the earth and they will pick Green Cabs item over the contenders. As Callum notes, theâ business model is win-win for the two buyers and nature: It is less expensive, it’s eco-accommodating, it’s calmer, you’ve got a charming driver, we do a ton of feel great stuff also. Give me a motivation behind why you wouldn’t take a Green Cab. Green Cabs target showcase is the corporate part and government divisions. Nonetheless, they pay tribute to the ‘grassroots’ bolster they have gotten. This is from individuals who have seen what Green Cabs are doing and regardless of whether their organization has no concurrence with Green Cabs, when they take a taxi they need it to be a Green Cab. Callum has additionally noticed that more youthful individuals are all the more naturally mindful and value the decision they are being offered in Green Cabs. One future advancement is for Green Cabs to introduce rooftop signs on their vehicles to advance the earth. These won't publicize finishes paperwork for organizations yet to state something people can accomplish for the earth. Green Cabs mean to utilize publicizing space on their vehicles to advance the earth, not bubbly beverages or something like that! Discovering BALANCE BETWEEN THE ENVIRONMENT AND PROFIT ‘For me at any rate, it’s not just about turning a profit.’ †Callum Brown Finding a harmony among benefit and the earth can be a troublesome one. To be effective in Callum’s see, you need to comprehend and have confidence that getting things done and adhering near the arrangement of qualities that the organization began with is what will bring achievement. An excess of bargain for business then you will bargain the general accomplishment of the business. The business may in any case be productive however won't enamor people in general into changing their conduct with respect to the earth. These natural qualities are held firm by Green Cabs and are a fundamental piece of their particular plan of action. Callum expounds: If we bargain on those qualities then that put us in danger of simply resembling some other taxi organization out there and doesn’t set us apart. Finishing on their responsibility to the earth simple for Green Cabs and they propose that other should take a gander at the earth diversely in their organizations. For instance, Callum is baffled by talk about the amount it expenses to balance carbon outflows. He proposes individuals neglect to see that the entire procedure is a cost sparing activity. In getting practical, organizations take a gander at methods for reducingâ electricity, travel, etc. These zones can lessen a company’s carbon impression while likewise diminishing their general expenses. Their pledge to the earth is one side of the condition in Green Cab’s plan of action. The business must be practical and there are financial specialists, franchisees and workers who anticipate comes back from t

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What You Do Not Know About Grade 3-4 Persuasive Writing Essay Samples Might Shock You

What You Do Not Know About Grade 3-4 Persuasive Writing Essay Samples Might Shock You Many analysts argue this produces a troubling situation on work industry. 'A minimal salary has a negative effect on employees. If you need assistance, contact us or place a purchase and our professionals will write a good example of persuasive essay you will totally like. PaperCoach will be able to help you with all your papers, so take a look at this time! There are many persuasive essay examples college students are able to make use of online. Students also employed the debate section of the on-line problems. They should not have to wear school uniforms because they limit students' ability to express their individuality. While trying to understand how to write a persuasive essay step by step, they forget about another critical activity. Before they start to write, it's a good idea for them to make a list of the points they want to make to their readers. Other activities cause the worldwide warming. Another negative effect on employees is that low wages can induce stress. By paying people more, businesses can make more cash, since they won't pay as much on turnover prices. Another problem is the effect of fossil fuels on our environment. Your summary is the last push to convince the reader that you're right. A simile is a means to compare two distinct things utilizing the connecting words like or as to be able to make an intriguing connection in the readers mind. There are lots of free examples of appropriate form atting. The introductory paragraph is perhaps the most significant paragraph in the essay as it is the initial and possibly last opportunity to produce an effect on the reader. In some cases, your teacher might call for extra details such as the class title, instructor name and the date. In your introduction paragraph, it is sufficient to introduce the topic and supply meaningful background details. Before writing down the facts and examples that you're likely to tackle, you ought to be well informed, first of all, about your topic. Simile is a sort of figurative language that may be put to use as a literary technique. Evidence in writing works precisely the same way. Observe that the objective of a persuasive speech is like the purpose for writing an argumentative or persuasive essaythe organizational structure and variety of info in a persuasive speech would be. Produces expository text utilizing appropriate form and fashion in response to prompt. It is possible to also secure se veral discounts on our site which will help you to save some more money for future orders or anything you want to spend them on. Be attentive when selecting the business you can trust. Understanding how to compose an effective persuasive letter is a potent tool. Despite the fact that you pay for homework, we provide those options at no cost. Now you have a great beginning to your essay, you will need to compose a few paragraphs to strengthen your stance. Any sentence that's not furthering my thesis is distracting from it and should be taken off. Just take the `how' of your thesis statement and use it in order to construct your paragraphs. There are some straightforward guidelines to follow as a way to be in a position to compose an excellent persuasive essay. The main element which produces a persuasive essay in English stand out from the remainder of assignments is the use of reasoning. Keep in mind, any source employed in your essay has to be included in your reference section. While there isn't any one correct method to compose these essays, this page will show you some excellent practices to think about when learning how to compose a persuasive essay. Children need to be able to use cellphones in school. Students shouldn't have to wear uniforms. Parents have a part to play in their kids' life and regarding these, there are lessons that they need to teach their kids. My parents taught me the best way to survive on my own at a young age. The Pain of Grade 3-4 Persuasive Writing Essay Samples You should have your reasons, and our principal concern is that you wind up getting a great grade. The perfect place to do so is immediately after the attention catcher. All of the principal points ought to be concisely mentioned in the preview. Having found the side that you're standing for, you will need to ensure you fully grasp the standpoint of the opposite side. Although having the ability to write persuasively can look like a challenging thing for children to learn, remind them that everyone has valid opinions. Persuasion is utilized in our lives each and every day.

Friday, May 15, 2020

What Is a Compound-Assignment Operator

Compound-assignment operators provide a shorter syntax for assigning the result of an arithmetic or bitwise operator. They perform the operation on the two operands before assigning the result to the first operand. Compound-Assignment Operators in Java Java supports 11 compound-assignment operators:   Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the addition. -  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the subtraction. *  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the multiplication /  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the division. %  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the remainder of the division.   Ã‚  assigns the result of the logical AND. |  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the logical OR. ^  Ã‚  Ã‚  assigns the result of the logical XOR.   Ã‚  assigns the result of the signed left bit shift.   Ã‚  assigns the result of the signed right bit shift.   assigns the result of the unsigned right bit shift. Example Usage To assign the result of an addition operation to a variable using the standard syntax: //add 2 to the value of number number number 2; But use a compound-assignment operator to effect the same outcome with the simpler syntax: //add 2 to the value of number number 2;

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Many Faces of Freedom Essay - 1194 Words

The Many Face of Freedom? Freedom is a concept that people are often willing to die for and it is the cause of much fighting. However, few people ever claim to dislike freedom. This raises an interesting question: how can people fight over what is generally considered to be a positive idea? Does this mean that someone must be against freedom? The answer is that people cannot agree on what freedom is, thus numerous groups can claim to be for freedom while strongly disagreeing on the means by which to achieve it. These groups often argue vehemently and passionately, trying to convince the majority that their side is right. However, emotion is only one part of deciding who is more persuasive. I offer two examples of disagreements†¦show more content†¦In other words, they saw their campus, and in turn America as a whole, moving towards the exact type of tyrannical government that they were most opposed to. They saw these actions as representative of a totalitarian or fascist government. To them, freedom meant smaller government and more control by the people, a more democratic democracy. Starting with the society on their campus, the students saw their ideal democracy being taken away and more of their rights being infringed upon. This led to a disagreement between students and authority figures over freedom. The administration saw freedom as the absence of Communism, and saw the students views as dangerously close to Communist. Since this was occurring during both the Cold War and the Vietnam War, Communism was a tangible threat to American security. Freedom of speech played a key part in this argument, since the students believed in absolute freedom of speech, which the authorities often saw as dangerous. They too believed in the First Amendment right of the Constitution, but at the same time they felt that certain speech should be limited. Such as speeches made by Socialists, Anarchists, and Communists. As Reagan put it, the students were going from free speech to filthy speech(Freedom vs. Anarchy On Campus, 346). As a result, the two groups accused each other of threatening the majoritys freedom, while both claimed to represent the majority. The conflict became anShow MoreRelated The Crisis of the American Teen Essay656 Words   |  3 Pagesform from child to adult, but that must come from the parents. Many parents either feel powerless to give a child what they need in life because the child can get it else where: they may do whatever it is that they want behind a parent’s back. They could also be insecure about themselves and that they did not receive the guidance themselves when they needed in growing up. Teenagers need protection against the dangers that they may face so that they can be prepared for the future. Teenagers nowRead MoreFree Essays : Free Soul Free Women1237 Words   |  5 Pageshuman being with an independent will†. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

U.S. Army 8 Person Funeral Detail free essay sample

The OIC is located where the hearse will stop. RECEIVING THE CASKET C-14. As the hearse approaches, the NCOIC orders the detail to ATTENTION and Present, ARMS. Once the hearse has passed the detail, the NCOIC calls the detail to Order, ARMS and Parade, REST. The OIC comes to attention and present arms as the hearse approaches his position. The OIC terminates his salute when the hearse comes to a halt. C-15. After the vehicle has come to a halt, the driver gets out and opens the rear door. The driver prepares the casket for movement to the gravesite by removing the stock. The driver pulls the casket to the rear of the hearse. The OIC, with a nod of his head, signals the NCOIC to move the pallbearers to the end of the hearse, three on each side, to remove the casket. The NCOIC marches the pallbearers into place, then orders Mark time, MARCH; Detail, HALT and Center, FACE. After the pallbearers are facing inward, the individuals closest to the casket will grasp the handrails and pull the casket from the hearse. Each pallbearer, in turn, grasps a casket handle as it reaches him. The OIC will render a hand salute while the casket is being removed. Moving the Casket C-16. On the NCOICs command of Ready, FACE, the pallbearers will execute the appropriate facing movements so that they are all facing the feet of the casket. The NCOIC orders the detail to Forward, MARCH. Led by the OIC, the pallbearers incline to the proper direction to move to the gravesite, ensuring the casket is level and feet first. Once the casket is over the gravesite, the NCOIC commands Mark Time, MARCH, and Detail, HALT. Once at the head of the gravesite, the OIC will come to render a hand salute until the casket is placed on the lowering device. To maintain uniformity the pallbearer NCOIC will command Center, FACE. When pallbearers are facing center, the casket is set on the lowering device. After the casket is set down, the pallbearers come to attention and the OIC will drop his hand salute. MOVING TO THE WEAPONS C-17. On the command Ready, FACE, by the pallbearer NCOIC, the pallbearers all face toward the head of the casket. The next command is Forward, MARCH. The pallbearer s move from the gravesite to the location of the weapons. Just prior to reaching the stacked arms, the firing party NCOIC, and formerly the pallbearer NCOIC, gives Mark Time, MARCH and Detail, HALT. The firing party NCOIC assumes their position and gives a File from the Left, Forward, MARCH. On the command March the firing party performs the proper movements to form a single file to the rear of the weapons. When the firing party are to the rear of the stacked arms, the NCOIC gives Mark Time, MARCH and Detail HALT, and the appropriate facing movement to face the rifles. Retrieving the Weapons and Conclusion of Religious Services C-18. The next command given is Take, ARMS. On the command of execution, the stack man secures the first two weapons. The left and right soldiers receive the weapons from the stack man. The left and right soldiers then pass the weapons to the outside soldiers. The stack man grasps his center weapon. The left and right soldiers step toward the stack and remove their weapons, returning to the position of Attention. Once the left and right soldiers retrieve their weapons, the stack man secures his weapon and comes to the position of Attention. Once all of the firing party is at Order Arms, the firing party NCOIC gives them Parade, REST. The firing party will remain at Parade Rest until the end of the religious services. Once the religious services are over, the Chaplain steps away from the casket. The OIC steps to the head of the casket and renders a hand salute. This is the signal for the firing party NCOIC to command the firing party ATTENTION. Firing of Honors C-19. After bringing the firing party to Attention, the NCOIC gives the command of Ready. At the command of Ready, each rifleman executes Port Arms, faces Half Right, and moves his right foot to the right ten inches. Each rifleman then chambers a round, places his weapon on Fire, and resumes Port Arms. When the firing party has completed the movements, the firing party NCOIC gives the command Aim. On the command of Aim, the detail shoulders their weapons with the muzzles of the weapons at a 45-degree angle from the horizontal. When the NCOIC commands FIRE, the detail fires and returns to Port Arms. On the subsequent commands of Ready, each rifleman pulls and returns the charging handle of his weapon. After the third round is fired each rifleman resumes Port Arms, and the firing party NCOIC commands CEASE FIRE. Each rifleman places his weapon on Safe, resumes the position of Order Arms, and faces Half Left. The firing party NCOIC then commands Present, ARMS for the playing of Taps. The bugler plays Taps. If a bugler is not available, one soldier is positioned to turn on the high quality recording (and is not part of the firing party). STACKING ARMS C-20. After Taps, the NCOIC brings the firing party to Order, ARMS, and then commands Stack, ARMS. On the command of execution, Arms, the stack man grasps the barrel of his rifle and places his rifle directly in front of him. At the same time, the left and right soldiers grasp the barrels of their respective rifles, step toward the center and insert the muzzles through the sling loop of the stack mans weapon. Both soldiers swing the butts of their rifles out and then down to the ground ensuring the stack is steady. The two outside weapons are then passed to the stack man, who adds them to the stack. RETURNING TO GRAVESITE OR SHELTER C-21. After Stack Arms is complete, the NCOIC moves the firing party two steps backward and gives the appropriate facing movement to have the firing party move back to the gravesite. From this position, the NCOIC will form the firing party in two columns by giving the command Column of Two to the Right, MARCH. Once in Column of Two formation, the NCOIC takes the last position, and gives Forward, MARCH. The firing party marches to the gravesite along either side of the casket. Once at the gravesite the NCOIC gives Mark Time, MARCH, and Detail, HALT. The NCOIC gives Center, FACE, to ensure that all of the pallbearers are facing the casket. FOLDING THE FLAG C-22. After the pallbearers have faced the casket, they use their peripheral vision to take their cues fr om the NCOIC. As a unit, the pallbearers reach down and secure the flag. Once flag is secured, the detail folds flag. The flag is first folded with the lower stripe area over the blue field. It is then folded so that the folded edge meets the open edge. The triangular fold is started at the striped end and is continued until only the blue field remains. The flag margin is then tucked in and the flag is ready for presentation. PRESENTING THE FLAG. C-23. After the flag has been folded, it is passed down to the soldier closest to the right side of the OIC. This soldier executes a Half Left as the OIC executes a Half Right and the flag is then passed to the OIC at, chest level. After the pallbearer has passed the flag, he salutes the flag for three seconds then executes Order Arms. The soldier executes a Half Right as the OIC executes a Half Left and resumes their original position. At this time the pallbearers will leave the gravesite. The NCOIC commands Outward, FACE, (pallbearers face towards the head of the casket) and Forward, MARCH. Once the detail is out of the area, the OIC will present the flag to the next of kin or Chaplain, it next of kin is not available. The OIC recites the following passage: |Maam (sir), this flag is presented on behalf of a grateful nation and the United States Army as a token of appreciation for your loved ones | |honorable and faithful service. | C-24. At the conclusion of the remarks and presentation, the OIC will render a hand salute and hold the salute for three seconds then assumes Order, Arms. OIC then executes marching movement and marches back towards the direction of the pallbearers. CONCLUDING THE CEREMONY C-25. The firing party returns to the location of the stacked arms in the same manner as before. When commanded to Take, ARMS, the party retrieves the rifles in the same manner as before. After retrieving the weapons, the NCOIC marches the detail away from the funeral site to clear and inspect the weapons. The firing party will police all of the brass after the service is over and the next of kin have left the area. The OIC is not required to escort the next of kin back to his/her vehicle. 2 SOLDIER FUNERAL DETAIL RECEIVING THE CASKET C-26. The OIC is located where the hearse will stop. The NCO is to the left of the OIC. As the hearse approaches, the OIC brings himself and the NCO to ATTENTION and Present, ARMS. The OIC gives the command of Order, ARMS, after the hearse has come to a halt. The funeral director is responsible for removing the casket from the hearse and placing it on the lowering device at the gravesite. When the casket is being removed from the hearse, the OIC commands Present, ARMS. Once the casket has cleared the peripheral vision of the OIC, then the OIC commands Order, ARMS, and Parade, REST. CONCLUSION OF RELIGIOUS SERVICES C-27. Once the religious services are over, the Chaplain steps away from the casket. The OIC commands ATTENTION. The OIC commands Ready, FACE, and the OIC and NCO face in the direction of the casket. OIC then commands Forward, MARCH, The OIC marches to the head of the casket, and faces the head of the casket, while the NCO marches to the foot of the casket facing the OIC. If a bugler is not available, the NCO moves to the device that will play the high quality recording of Taps. FOLDING THE FLAG C-28. The OIC gives the command to the NCO to secure flag. Once the flag is secure the bugler will play Taps and both the OIC and NCO execute Present, Arms. When Taps is complete, both the OIC and NCO execute Order, Arms. The OIC gives the command to side step march (just far enough to preclude the flag from touching the casket). Once the OIC and NCO have cleared the casket the OIC nods to begin folding the flag. NOTE: If a bugler is not available, once the casket is on the lowering device, the NCOIC will march to the recording device and wait for the Chaplain to conclude religious services. He will play Taps after the OIC is positioned at the head of the casket. When Taps is complete, the NCOIC will march to the foot of the casket and then assist in folding the flag. C-29. The flag is first folded with the lower stripe area over the blue field. It is then folded so that the folded edge meets the open edge. The triangular fold is started at the striped end and is continued until only the blue field remains. While folding the flag the NCO moves towards the OIC. The flag margin is then tucked in by the OIC and the NCO presents the flag to the OIC. Once the NCO presents the flag to the OIC, the NCO renders the hand salute and holds the salute for three seconds then executes Order, Arms. The OIC is ready for presenting the flag to the next of kin. PRESENTING THE FLAG C-30. After the flag has been folded and passed to the OIC, the OIC then moves in the direction of the next of kin and presents the flag to the next of kin while the NCO marches away from the gravesite. The OIC will present the flag to the Chaplain if the next of kin is not available. The OIC recites the following passage: |Maam (sir), this flag is presented on behalf of a grateful nation and the United States Army as a token of appreciation for your loved ones | |honorable and faithful service. | C-31. At the conclusion of the passage and the flag presentation, the OIC will render a hand salute and hold the salute for three seconds then assumes Order, Arms. OIC then executes a marching movement and marches away from the gravesite. CONCLUDING THE CEREMONY C-32. The OIC is not required to escort the next of kin back to his/her vehicle. NOTES C-33. The meaning of the word gravesite also includes a committal shelter. The meaning of the word casket also includes a receptacle containing the cremated remains of the deceased. On windy days, the flag should already be anchored to the casket by the funeral director. If the flag is not secured, the detail will fold the flag immediately after placing the casket on the lowering device, then hand the flag to the OIC. d